Kentucky's corn production was up for 2019 while the soybean harvest fell drastically. Tobacco production also declined.
Friday's Crop Production 2019 Summary from the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) office in Louisville shows mixed results for crops due to weather extremes.
Corn production in Kentucky is estimated at 245 million bushels, up 15 percent from the 2018 crop. However, yield was estimated at 169 bushels per acre, down 6 bushels from last year. The lower yield was offset by a 19 percent increase in acres harvested as grain, estimated at 1.45 million acres.
"Too much rain early in the season, and then drought later in the season, kept the 2019 crops from reaching their full potential," said David Knopf, director of the NASS Eastern Mountain Regional Office in Kentucky. "Yields for corn and soybeans were below 2018 levels. Tobacco yielded much better than the 2018 crop, which was damaged by excessive moisture."
Soybean production for Kentucky is estimated at 77.7 million bushels, down significantly -- 21 percent from 2018. Yield was estimated at 46 bushels per acre, down 5 bushels from a year ago. Acreage for harvest as beans was estimated at 1.69 million acres, down 240,000 acres from the previous year.
Kentucky burley tobacco production is estimated at 77.9 million pounds, down 3 percent from 2018. Yield was estimated at 1,900 pounds per acre, up 300 pounds from the 2018 crop. Harvested acreage was estimated at 41,000 acres, down 9,000 acres from last year's crop. Meantime, production of Kentucky dark fire-cured tobacco is estimated at 27.6 million pounds, down 22 percent from the previous year. Dark air-cured tobacco production is estimated at 17.9 million pounds, down 6 percent from last year.
Alfalfa hay production by Kentucky farmers is estimated at 464,000 tons, up 3 percent the 2018 level. Other hay production is estimated at 3.96 million tons, down 15 percent from last year.